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                英语词汇 学英语,练听力,上听力∑ 课堂! 注册 登录
                > 英语词汇 > 英语词○组全书 >  第259课

                21 CUT: 切,割,砍;不到场,不出席;削减,减少;显出,给人…的印象;出牙,长牙;分离出去;让…进入






                21 CUT: 切,割,砍;不到场,不出席;削减,减少;显出,给人…的印象;出牙,长牙;分离出去;让…进入


                1. cut a fine 〔conspicuous〕 figure ** 大放异彩;崭露头角

                解 习语;正式用语;词义溯源:显出[卓越的(fine)][一面(figure)]

                例 Wearing a new dress, Janet surprisingly cut a fine figure at the dinner.

                2. cut a wide 〔big〕 swath ** (把一大片地区)夷为平地;炫耀,出风头

                解 习语;词义溯源:割出很[宽的(wide)][一条(swath)]

                例 He's a mild-mannered man, but when he speaks in public he cuts a wide swath.

                3. cut across sth. *** 走近路穿过;与…不符;超越

                解 短语动词;词义溯源:将某物[横穿(across)]切开

                例 We cut across the campus to avoid traffic in the city.

                Poverty cuts across all racial barriers.

                4. cut back *** 急忙返回

                解 短语动词;词义溯源:[向后(back)]切

                例 Suddenly the bear cut back and ran to the hunter.

                5. cut back on sth. / cut sth. back *** 减少,削减

                解 短语动词;词义溯源:针对某物[向后(back)]削减

                例 Companies generally cut back on hiring during prolonged economic recessions.

                6. cut class ** 旷课,逃课

                解 〈口〉习语;词义溯源:上[课(class)]不到场

                例 Tom and I cut class and went to video arcade nearby.

                7. cut corners ** 走捷径;省事

                解 习语;词义溯源:切去[拐角、转弯处(corners)],躲避转弯,引申为“躲避困难,走捷径”

                例 Chef Reynolds showed us how to cut corners when preparing the meals.

                8. cut down on sth. / cut down *** 减少;削减

                解 短语动词;词义溯源:砍[掉(down)]某物

                例 Cut down on the salt you eat and your blood pressure will drop back to normal.

                9. cut in on sb. or sth. / cut in *** 插入;插嘴;超车

                解 短语动词;词义溯源:切[入(in)]某人或某事;参照 cut into sth.

                例 An announcer cut in on the program to issue the urgent storm warning.

                Do you mind if I cut in here? I have something to add to this discussion.

                The taxi driver cut in and caused an accident.

                10. cut into sth. / cut into *** 切入;插入

                解 短语动词;词义溯源:切[入(into)]某物

                例 As soon as I cut into the plant, a stream of thick white fluid gushed out.

                Anyone caught cutting into line will be asked to leave the theater.

                11. cut loose from sb. or sth. / cut loose ** 逃离;断绝关系;脱离…而自由行动

                解 习语;词义溯源:从某人或某物上▆切开成为[自由的(loose)]状态

                例 Several congressmen have cut loose from their parties to run as independents.

                12. cut no ice * 没有效果;没有影响

                解 俚语;词义溯源:连[冰块(ice)]都不能砍碎

                例 Senator Wilson's threats cut no ice with me. My opinion remains the same.

                13. cut off one's nose to spite one's face ** 一时生气而做了对自己有害的事情

                解 习语;词义溯源:为了给自己的[脸(face)][报仇(spite)]而切[下(off)]了自己的[鼻子(nose)]

                例 The union is cutting off its nose to spite its face by striking now when the company is so close to bankruptcy.

                14. cut one's eyeteeth on sth. ** (从小就)开始学习,(很早就)开始从事

                解 习语;词义溯源:长出[上尖牙(eyeteeth)]

                例 Bob cut his eyeteeth on writing. His parents are authors.

                15. cut one's losses ** 减少损失

                解 习语;词义溯源:减少某人的[损失(losses)]

                例 It would be better to give up. Stop this project now and cut our losses.

                16. cut one's throat ** 经历失败;使受到损害

                解 〈口〉习语;词义溯源:割某人的[喉咙(throat)]

                例 Bill cut Helen's throat with George by telling him lies.

                17. cut out for sth. / cut out to be sth. *** 具有…才能;是…的材料

                解 短语动词;词义溯源:为了某事而切掉

                例 His lean, muscular build made him cut out for any kind of sport.

                18. cut sb. down to size ** 使谦逊,灭气焰

                解 习语;词义溯源:削减某人的气焰使其[下降(down)]到一定[程度(size)]

                例 I hope he loses the election. That sure would cut him down to size.

                19. cut sb. or sth. in / cut in sb. or sth. *** 让某人□ 分享利润

                解 〈口〉短语动词;词义溯源:让某人进入

                例 His input to the project was too great to ignore, so he was cut in on the bonus.

                20. cut sb. or sth. loose ** 使脱▼离束缚;使自由

                解 习语;词义溯源:从某人或某物上切离成为[自由的(loose)]状态;参照cut loose from sb. or sth.

                例 Cut your researchers loose to do whatever research they want.

                21. cut sb. or sth. off / cut off sb. or sth. / cut off *** 打断,中断;阻断;停止

                解 短语动词;词义溯源:切[离(off)]某人或某事

                例 Bob was about to reveal our secret, so I cut him off before he could say anymore.

                He cut the TV off and opened his book when he heard his mother coming.

                22. cut sb. or sth. out / cut out sb. or sth. *** 删除;取代

                解 短语动词;词义溯源:将某人或某物分离[出去(out)]

                例 The lecture on Macroeconomics has been cut out from today's schedule.

                23. cut sb. or sth. short / cut sb. or sth. off short ** 提前结束

                解 习语;词义溯源:将某人或某物切[短(short)]

                例 Let's cut this meeting short so we can all get home for the holidays.

                24. cut sb. or sth. to pieces ** 切碎;苛评

                解 〈口〉习语;词义溯源:将某人或某物切[碎(to pieces)]

                例 Our tent was cut to pieces by the hurricane's 90-mph winds.

                25. cut sb. or sth. to the bone ** 大幅缩减

                解 习语;词义溯源:切到某人或某物的[骨头(to the bone)]

                例 If the project wasn't vital, we've eliminated it. We've cut this budget to the bone.

                26. cut sb. or sth. up *** 切碎;使受伤;使伤心

                解 〈口〉短语动词;词义溯源:[完全地(up)]砍断某人或某物

                例 An anti-personnel mine is designed not to kill, but to cut you up badly.

                How can you cut him up like that after all he has done for you?

                27. cut sb. to the quick ** 刺中痛处

                解 习语;词义溯源:切到某人[(伤口的嫩肉(quick)]

                例 The report on CNN is said to have cut the company's founder to the quick.

                28. cut teeth ** 长牙

                解 习语;词义溯源:[牙齿(teeth)]长出来

                例 Most babies begin cutting teeth in their sixth month.

                29. cut the ground (out) from under sb. ** 破坏计划;挖墙脚

                解 习语;词义溯源:从[下方(under)]砍掉某人的[基础、立场(ground)]

                例 The government is cutting the ground from under the opposition.

                30. cut up *** 胡闹,不守规矩;插科打诨

                解 短语动词;词义溯源:[完全(up)]用力砍下

                例 Your son is always cutting up in class, which disturbs the other students.


                1. 珍妮特穿着一件新礼服,在晚宴上惊人地大放异彩。

                2. 他是个温良谦恭的人,但是当他在公众场合说话的时候却爱出风头。

                3. 为了避开城市的交通,我们从学校里抄近道。


                4. 熊突然掉转头,冲向猎人。

                5. 在长期的经济衰退期间,公司通常会减少招聘的人数。

                6. 汤姆和我逃课去了附近的电子游戏室。

                7. 雷诺兹主厨向我们展示了如何用最省事的方式准备饭菜。

                8. 减少盐的摄入量,你的血压就会下降到正常水平。

                9. 播音员中断了节目,插播紧急暴风雨警告。



                10. 我切开那株植物时,里面喷出一股浓浓的白色液体。


                11. 一些国会议员脱离了他们的政党,以独立人身份参选。

                12. 威尔逊议员的威胁对我没有任何影响。我依然坚持我的看法。

                13. 工会在公司面临破产之际选择罢工,简直是因愤怒而搬起石头砸自己的脚。

                14. 鲍勃从小就开始学习写作,他的父母都是作家。

                15. 还是放弃好了。 现在停止项目,减少损失。

                16. 比尔对乔治说了些谎话,从而破坏了他与海伦的关系。

                17. 他的体型瘦而结实,适合各种体育运动。

                18. 我希望他选举失败。那肯定能灭灭他的气焰。

                19. 他对项目的投入太多了,不能被忽视,所以也分得了奖金。

                20. 不要束缚你的研究人员,让他们做自己想做的研究。

                21. 鲍勃马上就要说出我们的秘密,我赶紧打断了他。


                22. 今天的计划中删除了关于宏观经济学的演讲。

                23. 我们提前结束会议吧,这样就可以放假回家了。

                24. 我们的帐篷被速度为每小时90英里的飓风撕成了碎片。

                25. 要不是这个项目至关重要,我们就把它取消了。我们已经大幅削减了此项预算。

                26. 反步兵地雷并不是为了炸死人,而是为了使人受重伤。


                27. 据说美国有线电视新闻网的报道触及了公司创始人的痛处。

                28. 大部分婴儿在六个月大的时候开始长牙。

                29. 政府正在挖反对派的墙角。

                30. 你儿子在课堂上总是胡闹,打扰其他学生。

                内容来自 听力课堂网:/22alib/show-10286-474214-1.html

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